There Are Only 20 Aircraft Carriers in Service Today. Here’s the List.

At the start of the Word War II, battleships ruled the seas. A few years later, battleships were little more than epic floating targets. For the last 80 years, navies have relied on aircraft to protect their ships, and the countries with the most capable carriers have enjoyed a tremendous tactical advantage. Yet there aren’t that many carriers in service today–only 20.

Business Insider compiled a list of their features.

HMS Queen Elizabeth

The HMS Queen Elizabeth is the  only aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy in active service.

Length: 932 ft

Commissioned: 2017

Propulsion System: Two Rolls-Royce Marine gas turbine alternators and four diesel engines

“The carrier is intended to have up to 40 aircraft,” BI writes, “with the F-35 intended to be the main fixed-wing jet for the ship. Other aircraft planned to be included are Chinook helicopters, Apache AH MK1 gunships, AW101 Merlin transport helicopters, and AW159 Wildcat anti-surface warfare helicopters.”

USS Gerald R. Ford

The USS Gerald R. Ford  is the US Navy’s newest aircraft carrier

Length: 1,106 ft

Commissioned: 2017

Propulsion System: Northrop Grumman nuclear propulsion system and a zonal electrical power distribution system

“The ship has a number of new technologies,” BI writes,  “like the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, which is intended to replace the current steam-powered launch system on current aircraft carriers.”

INS Vikramaditya

The INS Vikramaditya is India’s only aircraft carrier

Length: 930 ft

Commissioned: 2013 (Indian Navy), 1987 (Soviet Navy)

Propulsion System: Eight turbo-pressurized boilers, four shafts, four geared steam turbines

The Liaoning

The Liaoning is China’s first combat ready carrier.

Length: 999 ft

Commissioned: 2012

Propulsion System: Steam turbines, eight boilers, four shafts

“After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990’s,” BI notes, “the carrier, which was little more than a rusting hull with non-functioning equipment, was purchased from Ukraine by a Macau-based company in 1998.”

“The carrier has an air wing of 26 Shenyang J-15 multi-role fighters, 12 Changhe Z-18 anti-submarine warfare/transport helicopters, and 2 Harbin Z-9 utility helicopters.”

The USS George H.W. Bush

The USS George H.W. Bush was the first carrier deployed against ISIS.

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 2009

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The Cavour

The Cavour is one of two carriers in the Italian fleet and will host the F-35 JSF.

Length: 735 ft

Commissioned: 2008

Carries: 20-30 aircraft, including the Harrier combat jet.

Crew: 451 crew, 203 airmen, 140 command staff, and 325 Marines.

Propulsion System: Two gas turbines, six diesel generators

The USS Ronald Reagan

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 2003

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: 2 Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, 4 steam turbines

The Charles de Gaulle

The Charles de Gaulle is the pride of the French Navy.

Length: 858 ft

Commissioned: 2001

Carries: 20-40 aircraft, up to 800 commandos, 500 rounds of ammunition

Crew: 1,350 sailors, 500 airmen

Propulsion System: Two pressurized water nuclear reactors

The NAe São Paulo

The NAe São Paulo belonged to France, but now sails from Brazil.

Length: 869 ft

Commissioned: 2000 (Brazil) 1963 (France)

Carries: 39 aircraft including A-4 Skyhawks and S-70B Seahawk helicopters

Crew: 1,920 seamen

Propulsion System: Six boilers, four steam turbines, two propellers

The USS Harry S. Truman

The USS Harry S. Truman was deployed in the Mediterranean and flew many sorties in Operation Iraqi Freedom

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1998

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The HTMS Chakri Naruebet

BI calls the The HTMS Chakri Naruebet  “a glorified Royal Yacht.” It sails from Thailand.

Length: 600 ft

Commissioned: 1997

Carries: 4 to 6 S-70B Seahawk helicopters, up to 675 soldiers

Crew: 393 sailors, 62 officers, 146 airmen

Propulsion System: Two gas turbines, four diesel engines

“Other than a single training day per month, the ship is used for the transportation of the Royal Family of Thailand, its main consistent use,” BI adds.

The USS John C. Stennis

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1995

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The The USS John C. Stennis “has served in Operation Enduring Freedom and has engaged in pirate hunting in the Persian Gulf. It was also featured rather prominently in the Transformers films.”

The USS George Washington

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1992

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

“The USS George Washington, nicknamed “GW” or “G-Dub”, is currently stationed at Yokosuka, Japan. It was in the Persian Gulf in 2000, and was in New York Harbor after 9/11 providing airspace defense. It has served in Operation Southern Watch and Operation Enduring Freedom.”

“In order to explain to the Japanese what the aircraft carrier was doing in their harbor, the Navy had a 200 page manga made to explain the ship. 30,000 copies were distributed.”

The Admiral Kuznetsov

Russia only has one carrier. The The Admiral Kuznetsov is it.

Length: 1,005 ft

Commissioned: 1991

Carries: 41-53 aircraft. 14 Su-33 fighters, 28 MiG-29K fighters (upcoming), 15 Ka-27 helicopters.

Crew: 1,960 sailors, 626 airmen, 46 command.

Propulsion System: Steam turbines. Eight boilers, two turbines, nine turbogenerators, six diesel generators, four propellers.

The The Admiral Kuznetsov has had a long history. It originally sailed in 1985. Though it has been updated, the updates aren’t keeping pace with the ravages of constant use.

The USS Abraham Lincoln

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1989

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The USS Abraham Lincoln “was first deployed when rendering relief to US personnel on Luzon island in the Philippines during the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo, moving 45,000 people off the island. It carried out air patrols over Mogadishu in Somalia and was the first carrier to fully integrate female airmen.”

The USS Theodore Roosevelt

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1986

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The USS Theodore Roosevelt “was a big part of the fight against ISIS. Its air wing conducted over 1,800 combat sorties that dropped over 1,085 guided munitions on Islamic State targets.”

The Giuseppe Garibaldi

The Giuseppe Garibaldi is Italy’s other carrier.

Length: 591 ft

Commissioned: 1985

Carries:Harrier II fighters, AgustaWestland EH101 helicopters

Crew: 630 crew, 100 airmen, 100 command

Propulsion System: Four gas turbines, six diesel generators

The USS Carl Vinson

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1982

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The USS Carl Vinson “was the carrier that buried bin Laden at sea. It also was the carrier that hosted the UNC vs. Michigan State University NCAA basketball game in 2011.”

The USS Dwight D. Eisenhower

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1977

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The USS Nimitz

The USS Nimitz was the first suppercarrier.

Length: 1,092 ft

Commissioned: 1975

Carries: 90 aircraft

Crew: 3,200 sailors, 2,480 airmen

Propulsion System: Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors, four steam turbines

The Nimitz is also aging. “It provided security at the Seoul Olympics in 1988, and was in the Persian Gulf in the aftermath of Desert Storm. It did a world tour between 1997 and 1998, and was stationed in the Persian Gulf in 2003.”